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Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Carbonaceous Nanomaterials

Hydrogen production by CCVD of hydrocarbons

Researches: Dr. Antonio Monzón

Hydrogen will become a renewable and sustainable energy carrier of the future. The processes for H2 production like steam (SRM), or auto-thermal reforming (ATR) of methane are based on mature technologies, are quite complex and contain many steps.

In addition, now the production of CO free H2 is highly desirable for use in PEM fuel cells because the CO poisons the Pt electrodes of fuel cells. The catalytic decomposition of methane and other hydrocarbons, CDM, also called Catalytic Chemical Vapour Deposition, CVD, over transition metal (Fe, Ni, Co) catalysts, is an interesting alternative route for the production of hydrogen.

This process is less energy consuming that SRM, do not produce CO and CO2 directly and therefore does not need additional steps like water gas shift, WGS, and preferential oxidation of CO, which considerably simplifies the process and decreases the costs production. Moreover, during CCVD of methane are co-produced nanocarbonaceous materials, NCMs, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs: SWNT, MWNT) and carbon nanofibres (CNFs). CNTs and CNFs have a huge potential of applications due to its physical and chemical properties. They can be used as catalyst supports, electrodes for fuel cells and lithium ion batteries, adsorbents, polymer additives, and energy storage materials, etc.

Our group is investigating new catalytic materials based on Co, Ni and Fe catalysts with the aim of develop more active, stable and selective catalysts to produce hydrogen and CNTs and CNFs of high purity. In addition, we are developing new catalytic reactors based on the growth of NCMs over structured metallic and ceramic supports, environmental applications.

 

RECENT PROJECTS:

"PRODUCCIÓN SOSTENIBLE DE HIDRÓGENO Y NANOTUBOS DE CARBONO POR DESCOMPOSICIÓN CATALÍTICA DE BIOETANOL. DESARROLLO DE MICROREACTORES CATALÍTICOS AVANZADOS PARA PURIFICACIÓN DEL HIDRÓGENO MEDIANTE OXIDACIÓN SELECTIVA” Ref.: Proyecto DGA-LACAIXA GA-LC-086/2012 (DGA, Aragón) 2012-2013; 45.818 €

" Desarrollo de Catalizadores Biomorficos obtenidos a partir de Biomasa Residual para Producción de Hidrógeno y Refino de Bio-oil (BIOMORFICAT)”. Ref.: ENE2013-47880-C3-1-R. (MINECO; Madrid) 2014-2018; 327.910 €

" APROVECHAMIENTO DE BIOMASA Y PRODUCCION SOSTENIBLE DE ENERGIA MEDIANTE (FOTO)CATALIZADORES Y REACTORES ESTRUCTURADOS BASADOS EN MATERIALES CARBONOSOS (ENERCARB)” Ref.: ENE2017-82451-C3-1-R (MINECO; Madrid) 2018-2020; 250470 €.

 

RECENT PAPERS:

M. Azuara, N. Latorre, J.I. Villacampa, V. Sebastian, F. Cazaña, E. Romeo, A. Monzón; Use of Ni Catalysts Supported on Biomorphic Carbon Derived from Lignocellulosic Biomass Residues in the Decomposition of Methane; Frontiers in Energy Research; 7 (2019) 34.

S. Armenise, F. Cazaña, A. Monzón, E. García-Bordejé; In situ generation of COx-free H2 by catalytic ammonia decomposition over Ru-Al-monoliths; Fuel; 233 (2018) 231.

F. Cazaña, M.T. Jimaré, E. Romeo, V. Sebastián, S. Irusta, N. Latorre, C. Royo, A. Monzón, “Kinetics of liquid phase cyclohexene hydrogenation on Pd–Al/biomorphic carbon catalysts”. Catalysis Today, 249, 127-136 (2015). DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2014.11.022. Factor de impacto JCR 2015: 4,312. Posición revista (Engineering, Chemical): 13/135 (C1).

N. Latorre, F. Cazaña, V. Sebastian, C. Royo, E. Romeo, M.A. Centeno, A. Monzón, “Growth of carbonaceous nanomaterials over stainless steel foams. Effect of activation temperature”. Catalysis Today, 273, 41-49 (2016). DOI:  10.1016/j.cattod.2016.02.063. Factor de impacto JCR 2016: 4,636. Posición revista (Engineering, Chemical): 12/135 (C1).

N. Latorre, F. Cazaña, V. Sebastian, C. Royo, E. Romeo, A. Monzón, “Effect of the Operating Conditions on the Growth of Carbonaceous Nanomaterials over Stainless Steel Foams. Kinetic and Characterization Studies”. International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, 20170121 (2017). DOI: 10.1515/ijcre-2017-0121. Factor de impacto JCR 2017: 0,881. Posición revista (Engineering, Chemical): 105/137 (C4).

F. Cazaña, N. Latorre, P. Tarifa, J. Labarta, E. Romeo, A. Monzón, “Synthesis of graphenic nanomaterials by decomposition of methane on a Ni-Cu/biomorphic carbon catalyst. Kinetic and characterization results”. Catalysis Today, 299, 67-79 (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2017.03.056. Factor de impacto JCR 2017: 4,667. Posición revista (Engineering, Chemical): 15/137 (C1).

F. Cazaña, A. Galetti, C. Meyer, V. Sebastián, M.A. Centeno, E. Romeo, A. Monzón, “Synthesis of Pd-Al/biomorphic carbon catalysts using cellulose as carbon precursor”. Catalysis Today, 301, 226-238 (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2017.05.026. Factor de impacto JCR 2017: 4,667. Posición revista (Engineering, Chemical): 15/137 (C1).

S. Armenise, F. Cazaña, A. Monzón, E. García-Bordejé, “In situ generation of COx-free H2 by catalytic ammonia decomposition over Ru-Al-monoliths”. Fuel, 233, 851-859 (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2018.06.129. Factor de impacto JCR 2017: 4,908. Posición revista (Engineering, Chemical): 13/137 (C1).

A.E. Galetti, M.N. Barroso, A. Monzón, M.C. Abello, “Synthesis of Nickel Nanoparticles Supported on Carbon Using a Filter Paper as Biomorphic Pattern for Application in Catalysis” Materials Research, 18, 1278-1283 (2015), http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-1439.023115; Factor de impacto SJR 2017: ,398. Posición revista (Engineering): 1134/6810 (C2).

E. Romeo, M. Saeys, A. Monzón, A. Borgna, “Carbon nanotube formation during propane decomposition on boron-modified Co/Al2O3 catalysts: A kinetic study”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39, 18016-18026 (2018); DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.08.074. Factor de impacto JCR 2017: 4,229. Posición revista (Materials Science): 221/284 (C4).

A. Ramirez, C. Royo, N. Latorre, R. Mallada, R.M. Tiggelaar, A. Monzón, “Unraveling the growth of vertically aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes by chemical vapor deposition”; Materials Research Express, 4(1),  045604 (2014), DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/1/4/045604;  Factor de impacto JCR 2017: 1,151. Posición revista (Energy and Fuels): 24/97 (C1).

M.A. Nieva, M.M. Villaverde, A. Monzón, T.F. Garetto, A.J. Marchi, “Steam-methane reforming at low temperature on nickel-based catalysts”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 25, 158-166 (2014),   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.09.030, Factor de impacto JCR 2017: 6,759. Posición revista (Engineering, Chemical): 7/137 (C1).

 



 
 
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